Western europe dating
Maritime hegemony enabled the Cretan sea kings to build these palaces in low and unprotected places; consequently there is a conspicuous absence of fortification walls, as contrasted to the great walls of Mesopotamian palaces.Since Cretan worship seems to have been conducted largely in the open air, there are no real temples as in the Middle East.
A taste for long, straight palace corridors, as well as a highly developed water-supply system, may also have been inherited from older civilizations to the east.
For the purposes of this article, “Western architecture” signifies architecture in Europe as well as in regions that share a European cultural tradition.
For example, this article discusses early architectural traditions in areas such as Egypt, Syria, Asia Minor, North Africa, and Jerusalem, which, beginning in the Hellenistic and Roman periods and continuing through the period of the Byzantine Empire, were closely tied to architectural developments in Europe.
In architecture, by far the most important achievements were those of the civilizations of Palace of Minos at Knossos, excavated and reconstructed early in the 20th century by Sir Arthur Evans, offers evidence of unbroken architectural and artistic development from Neolithic beginnings, culminating in a brilliant display of building activity during the third phase of the Middle Minoan period (1700–1580 ).
It no doubt rivaled Middle Eastern and Egyptian palaces in monumentality.