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During the Seven Years' War (in the United States, known as the French and Indian War), British forces seized Canada from the French, but the francophone population remained politically isolated from the southern colonies.
Excluding the Native Americans, who were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a population of over 2.1 million in 1770, about one-third that of Britain.
When the Russians began establishing a growing fur trading system in Alaska, the Spanish began to challenge the Russians, with Pérez's voyage being the first of many to the Pacific Northwest.
After having arrived in the Hawaiian islands in 1778, Captain Cook sailed north and then northeast to explore the west coast of North America north of the Spanish settlements in Alta California.
S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico.
The first Europeans to arrive in the territory of the modern United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513; however, if unincorporated territories are accounted for, then credit would go to Christopher Columbus who landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage.Successful English settlement on the eastern coast of North America began with the Virginia Colony in 1607 at Jamestown and the Pilgrims' Plymouth Colony in 1620.Many settlers were dissenting Christian groups who came seeking religious freedom.Spanish set up the first settlements in Florida and New Mexico such as Saint Augustine and Santa Fe.The French established their own as well along the Mississippi River.English colonists were supplemented by waves of Scotch-Irish and other groups.As coastal land grew more expensive, freed indentured servants pushed further west.For other uses, see America (disambiguation), US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), USOA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation).The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U. C., and the largest city by population is New York City."United States of America", "America", "US", "USA", and "USOA" redirect here.For the landmass comprising North, Central and South America, see Americas.